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Prof. Antonella Longo - University of Salento - Italy - "On Cyber-Physical Social Systems (CPSSs): Challenges and new research directions", Janaury 2020

16 hours (4 credits)

Aula Riunioni del Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Via G. Caruso 16, Pisa – Ground Floor

Short Abstract:
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are related to the integration of computing and communication capabilities into physical systems. Currently there are an important domain for research and innovation, including robotics; smart homes, buildings, and mobility solutions; medical implants; drones, and numerous others. CPSs are also the medium through which next-generation Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning applications will be deployed, and are a growing source of big data.
An example of CPSs is the smart city model, which is growing around the prototype of an urban (physical) environment with a new generation of innovative services for transportation, energy distribution, healthcare, environmental monitoring, business, emergency response, and social activities developed in its digital twins. Smart cities are also an example of how CPSs must include people, which can’t be neglected in the loop of producing, collecting and consuming data, information and services.
Enabling the technology for such a setting requires a viewpoint of Smart Cities as system of cyber-physical and social systems (CPSSs) which are the result of the integration of several technologies to provide seamless services to end users. Such technologies enable the collection, storage, and processing of massive amount of data sensed from the environment and/or produced by citizens themselves, while promoting social interactions.
The vision of a smart city as a CPSS corresponds to a closed–loop system with data collection, processing, decision making and control and optimization actions. Otherwise, the result could be critical, sometimes harmful: as in the case of a “smart parking“ app that informs drivers about some available parking spaces; the result is that multiple drivers would converge to the few spaces, thus creating additional traffic congestion. There is a need for novel approaches in order to cope with CPSSs and with the increasing requests of citizens about reliable, secure and affordable services.
IoT technologies and mobile technologies are the foundation of cyber–physical systems: nowadays, they are applied in smart cities extensively. Smart cities as a system of integrated sensors, actuators, infrastructures and people in a whole call for novel integrated and holistic approaches considering both the component resources and their inter–relationships.

Course Contents in brief:

  • Introduction to Cyber-Physical Social Systems: taxonomies and examples: a survey about definitions of CPSS, the main challenges will be provided.
  • The management of services provided by CPS to people: Approaches and tools for managing SLAs of digital services in complex CPS ecosystems
  • Architectures of CPSSs: From IoT to cloud computing through fog and edge computing with people in the loop: last advances
  • The security management of CPSSs: Physical, cyber aspects and their mutual dependencies

potential dates: 2 sequential dates in the week from Jan 21st - Jan 24th

  • Day1 – 9-13: Introduction to Cyber-Physical Social Systems; 14-18: The management of services provided by CPS to people
  • Day2 – 9-13: Architectures of CPSSs; 14-18: The security management of CPSSs