Foto 7

N. Biasi, A. Tognetti. A computationally efficient dynamic model of human epicardial tissue. Plos one, 2021, 16.10: e0259066.

Written by

We present a new phenomenological model of human ventricular epicardial cells and we test its reentry dynamics. The model is derived from the Rogers-McCulloch formulation of the FitzHugh-Nagumo equations and represents the total ionic current divided into three contributions corresponding to the excitatory, recovery and transient outward currents. Our model reproduces the main characteristics of human epicardial tissue, including action potential amplitude and morphology, upstroke velocity, and action potential duration and conduction velocity restitution curves. The reentry dynamics is stable, and the dominant period is about 270 ms, which is comparable to clinical values. The proposed model is the first phenomenological model able to accurately resemble human experimental data by using only 3 state variables and 17 parameters. Indeed, it is more computationally efficient than existing models (i.e., almost two times faster than the minimal ventricular model). Beyond the computational efficiency, the low number of parameters facilitates the process of fitting the model to the experimental data