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N. Biasi, P. Seghetti, A. Tognetti. Diffuse fibrosis and repolarization disorders explain ventricular arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome: a computational study. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12.1: 1-15.

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In this work, we reported a computational study to quantitatively determine the individual contributions of three candidate arrhythmic factors associated with Brugada Syndrome. In particular, we focused our analysis on the role of structural abnormalities, dispersion of repolarization, and size of the diseased region. We developed a human phenomenological model capable of replicating the action potential characteristics both in Brugada Syndrome and in healthy conditions. Inspired by physiological observations, we employed the phenomenological model in a 2D geometry resembling the pathological RVOT coupled with healthy epicardial tissue. We assessed the insurgence of sustained reentry as a function of electrophysiological and structural abnormalities. Our computational study indicates that both structural and repolarization abnormalities are essential to induce sustained reentry. Furthermore, our results suggest that neither dispersion of repolarization nor structural abnormalities are sufficient on their own to induce sustained reentry. It should be noted how our study seems to explain an arrhythmic mechanism that unifies the classic repolarization and depolarization hypotheses of the pathophysiology of the Brugada Syndrome. Finally, we believe that this work may offer a new perspective on the computational and clinical investigation of Brugada Syndrome and its arrhythmic behaviour.