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Ferrante N., Giuffrida G., Nannipieri P., Bechini A. and Fanucci L. "Fault Detection Exploiting Artificial Intelligence in Satellite Systems" In 2nd International Conference on Applied Intelligence and Informatics, September 2022

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Mission control and fault management are fundamental in safety-critical scenarios such as space applications. To this extent, fault detection techniques are crucial to meet the desired safety and integrity level. This work proposes a fault detection system exploiting an autoregressive model, which is based on a Deep Neural Network (DNN). We trained the aforementioned model on a dataset composed of telemetries acquired from Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS). The training process has been designed as a sequence-to-sequence task, varying the length of input and output time series. Several DNN architectures were proposed, using both Long ShortTerm Memory (LSTM) and Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) as basic building blocks. Lastly, we performed fault injection modeling faults of different nature. The results obtained show that the proposed solution detects up to 90% of injected faults. We found that GRU-based models outperform LSTM-based ones in this task. Furthermore, we demonstrated that we can predict signal evolution without any knowledge of the underlying physics of the system, substituting a DNN to the traditional differential equations, reducing expertise and time-to-market concerning existing solutions.



Satellites, Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, Fault Detection.