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A. Motroni, F. Bernardini, P. Nepa, P. Tripicchio and M. Unetti, "Towards a Multi-antenna approach for UHF-RFID tag 3D localization with a Synthetic Aperture Radar Method," 2019 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Technologies (Spli

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This paper proposes a multi-antenna approach of a synthetic aperture radar method for 3D UHF-RFID tag localization by exploiting an Unmanned Grounded Vehicle (UGV). The UGV is remote-controlled to move inside a complex indoor environment, and the knowledge of the reader antenna trajectories is achieved with millimeter accuracy through a commercial motion tracking system. By processing the tag backscattered signal phase data collected from two RFID reader antennas, coherent and non-coherent combining processing are performed to improve the estimation of the 3D tag position with respect to the case of a single antenna. Differently from other localization techniques, neither reference tags (anchor tags), nor large phased array antennas are required.